Flowers play a significant role in The Hunger Games trilogy.
In Rue's Lullaby, a song Katniss Everdeen sings to Rue, she mention that 'the daisies guard you from every harm' .
- "I know what I need to survive isn't Gale's fire, kindled with rage and hate, but what I need is the dandelion in the spring. The promise of life instead of destruction. The promise that life can go on no matter how bad our losses. And only Peeta can give me that."
- ―Katniss Everdeen in Mockingjay[src]
Dandelions are a symbol of hope to Katniss Everdeen. After Peeta gave her the bread that saved her from starvation, Katniss saw Peeta at school near a field of dandelions. She learned from her plant book that dandelions could be used for food. When Katniss threw the cookies Peeta's father gave to her after the reaping out the window of the train, they fell open next to a bunch of dandelions.
Primrose Everdeen is named after an evening primrose. After the end of the rebellion, the first thing that Peeta Mellark does upon returning to District 12 is to locate five bushes of primrose from the woods and begin to plant them outside of Katniss' house in the Victors' Village as a memorial to Prim. It was this action that snapped Katniss out of the lethargy she had been in for months and she began living again.
President Coriolanus Snow personally smells of roses and blood and always wears a white rose in his jacket lapel. These roses are genetically enhanced to make their scent very strong and grown in a greenhouse in the presidential mansion in the Capitol.
It is revealed that Snow uses the rose in an attempt to hide the ever-present smell of blood that comes from mouthsores he gets due to the consummation of a poisoned drink that enables him to survive inhumanly. In Mockingjay, Snow leaves a rose in Katniss's house. She finds the rose when she comes back to visit her home after the bombing of District 12. Towards the end of Mockingjay, Katniss is in Snow's mansion when she finds herself in his rose garden. The putrid stench of roses sickens her to the point of gagging.
When in the Capitol, their squad is attacked by mutts described to smell of roses, and Katniss describes this type of mutt as injecting a psychological twist to trully frighten the victim.
Pink and red roses were dropped after the bombing of District 13, which Katniss believed to be from President Snow, and like the white rose she found in her house in the Victors' Village, there to upset her. The roses reminded her of Peeta because the same type of pink roses were in the room during one of Peeta and Katniss's interviews in the Capitol right after winning their first Hunger Games.
Rue is named after this flower, which Katniss mentions grows in the Meadow, an area just outside her house on the outskirts of District 12 yellow flower of the same name. After Marvel killed her with his spear, Katniss covered her in flowers to show the Capitol that Rue "wasn't just a piece in their Games". She also sang her a lullaby that mentions daisies. After Katniss won The Hunger Games, this was regarded as a defiance against The Capitol, which helped sustain Katniss to return to the arena for the 75th Hunger Games.
Many citizens of the Capitol had flowers tattooed onto their bodies, including Fulvia, Plutarch Heavenbee's assistant.
Shortly before her Victory Tour, Snow makes an unexpected visit to Katniss' new house in the Victors' Village. Mrs. Everdeen offers him some cookies as a good host. These cookies were made by Peeta, which is revealed by the beautifully frosted tiger lilies on top.
After Rue died, Katniss covered her body with yellow and purple wild flowers, in an attempt to hold the Capitol responsible for her death. She covers Rue's body, hair and wound with the flowers to make her look like she's sleeping. Later in Catching Fire', Peeta paints a picture of how Rue looked when covered in flowers, an action which provoked the Capitol into giving him a perfect score, thus making him a target.
At the end of the Hunger Games, Peeta and Katniss are walking down the train track and Peeta collects a bunch of wild flowers to give to Katniss. Katniss did not tell him that these flowers were the tops of onions which reminded her of Gale.
- ↑ Mockingjay, Chapter 27