- "He tells of the history of Panem, the country that rose up out of the ashes that was once called North America. He lists the disasters, the droughts, the storms, the fires, the encroaching seas that swallowed up so much of the land, the brutal war for what little sustenance remained. the result was Panem, a shining Capitol ringed by thirteen districts, which brought peace and prosperity to its citizens. Then came the Dark Days, the uprising of the districts against the Capitol. Twelve were defeated, the thirteenth obliterated. The Treaty of Treason gaves us the new laws to guarantee peace and, as our yearly reminder that the Dark Days must never be repeated, it gave us the Hunger Games."
- ―District 12's Mayor[src]
The Treaty of Treason is a treaty created by the Capitol to ensure peace after the districts were defeated during the first rebellion, better referred to as the Dark Days. As well as implementing laws to keep peace in the districts, it detailed that the Hunger Games were to take place annually to remind the districts that the Dark Days must never be repeated - and to keep districts further divided, thus preventing a new rebellion. The mayor of each district is required to read the treaty during each year's reaping.
In The Hunger Games film, the treaty is referred to as "the Treaty of the Treason". An extract from the treaty is shown. It states,
"In penance for their uprising, each district shall offer up a male and a female between the ages of 12 and 18 at a public "reaping". These tributes shall be delivered to the custody of the Capitol. And then transferred into a public arena, where they will fight to the death until a lone victor remains. Henceforth and forevermore this pageant shall be known as "The Hunger Games."
In The Hunger Games, the Treaty of Treason was described as "dull" and "dreary" by Katniss. It is not directly quoted in the book series, however, it is likely that the version used in the film is canon as Suzanne Collins worked on the script for the film and may have added the planned Treaty of Treason speech. It is unknown whether it was actually ever finished or is now. The only extract is shown above.